Aspect and Meaning in Slavic and Indic - download pdf or read online

By Ranjit Chatterjee

3 positive aspects set this e-book except different fresh courses on element. First, it seems to be heavily on the language kinfolk, Slavic, that has been the most resource of assumptions and information approximately point. moment, it seems upon the thing of linguistic learn, traditional language, from an attitude shared via thinkers on language whose prominence continues to be open air linguistics: Wittgenstein, Bakhtin, and Derrida. 3rd, the exploratory and contrastive account of point in Indic, mainly in Bengali, in order to without doubt evoke reactions from specialists in those languages.

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Verbs which SLAVIC 13 represent the action in its last phase are terminatives (resultatives: prožíti 'live through', doleteti 'fly up to', přicházeti 'approach', přijíti 'come'). This facet of the action I conclude under the term phasality of the action. ', poseděti 'sit for a while', přijíti) or action in its complete course (blednouti, seděti 'sit', přicházeti). By the combination of this konavost with phasality of the action we arrive at six aspects (inchoative pf. , continuative pf. , and terminative pf.

One action can be an activity, another a state; some can develop connec­ tedly, others with interruptions, others again, so to speak, do not develop; some are committed by one subject, others by several; some last a mere second, others centuries; the intensity of some is inconsequential, of others powerful; etc. These objective peculiarities of action it is possible to sum­ marize under the title manner of action {Aktionsart in the narrow sense). . But our expression depends to a large extent on how we see the action, how we present it to others or to ourselves.

In concluding this sketch of previous work on Slavic aspect, mention might be made of the most detailed treatment of the origin of the category. Němec 1958 is an intricate argument for the evolution of Slavic aspect from Common Indo-European. It synthesizes the older theory deriving Slavic aspect from Indo-European aspectually marked stems, aorist and nonaorist (Uljanov 1890-95), and the newer theory stressing the origin of aspect in old IE stems specialized for determinate and indeterminate actions (van Wijk 1929, Regnéll 1944).

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