By Adrian Ling
Practical Apache, PHP-FPM & Nginx opposite Proxy
This is the third e-book within the sensible advisor sequence for Linux process directors. it is going to assist you comprehend what's Apache Handler, what's personal home page SAPI - e.g. DSO, mod_suPHP, mod_fastcgi, and so forth and the way most of these items healthy jointly.
This publication also will provide help to secure and hardened the Apache webserver and PHP-FPM. The default setup in Apache and Hypertext Preprocessor are lovely lax in safety. A web-user on a non-secured server can simply view the method password dossier (/etc/passwd) in addition to view one other user's private/system documents by means of writing simply three strains of code. This booklet will express you precisely how one can accomplish this on a non-secured server!
This publication also will disguise find out how to setup Nginx opposite Proxy to the Apache webserver to spice up site functionality. listed here are the desk of contents during this useful consultant to Apache, PHP-FPM and Nginx opposite Proxy:
- Chapter 1. The 'LAMP' stack
- Chapter 2. Apache Handlers & Hypertext Preprocessor SAPI
- Chapter three. Instal & Configure PHP-FPM
- Chapter four. develop functionality with Opcode Cache
- Chapter five. Securing Apache
- Chapter 6. Securing Hypertext Preprocessor (php.ini)
- Chapter 7. functionality Tuning
- Chapter eight: fitting Nginx server as Reverse-Proxy
- Summary: booklet Errata & Support
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Extra resources for Apache, PHP-FPM & Nginx: How to Build a Secure, Fast and Powerful Web-Server
It also enables Apache to run each VirtualHost under its own username/ID and permission without any complicated 'wrappers' via multiple php-pools. This alone is a big plus and solves many configuration headaches! Chapter 3. e. a brand new VPS server that has “nothing” but the bare-bone CentOS Operating System on it. If your server already has some of the software packages mentioned, you may skip those sections. e. # << do NOT type this; it means that you’re logged in as the superuser ‘root’. e.
This causes the Apache child-processes to be ‘bloated’ and consumes more memory than necessary. In high-traffic, media-rich websites, this will cause serious performance issues if the server does not have sufficient memory (RAM) due to the 'bloated' Apache child-processes. Ideally, an Apache child-process (without the embedded PHP engine) should be used to serve static content, and forward PHP files to a 'dedicated/external' PHP process. We shall see how this can be done via the 'FastCGI' SAPI.
In this chapter, we will look at the Zend Opcache since it has been adopted by PHP as its official opcode cache engine. The other 2 popular opcode caches are the Xcache and the APC (Alternative PHP Cache). Chapter 5. e. the security settings are quite lax to ensure that the Apache server will 'work' out of the box. In this chapter, we'll look at some of the ways we can secure our Apache server from hackers. Chapter 6. ini) Although PHP is an interpreted language, it is quite powerful. You can use PHP to run system calls/commands to list files, delete files, etc.