Read e-book online Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a PDF

By Albert L. Lloyd

The continued debate over the life or non-existence of formal verbal element in Gothic prompted the writer to jot down this monograph whose objective is to supply a totally new origin for a idea of element and comparable good points. Gothic, with its restricted corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and displaying fascinating parallels with Slavic verbal structures, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partly I the writer argues unified conception of point, actional forms, and verbal speed awarded there possesses an inner common sense and isn't at variance with saw proof in numerous Indo-European languages. partly II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb process which seeks to give an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic point and actional varieties which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.

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From these examples it might be inferred that the dif­ ference between sub-types b and  is transitivity; obvious­ ly, if there is no object to focus on, the pulses can hard­ ly be focused (aligned). So long as we define 'object' as an entity affected by a predicated change, it is correct to say that as a general rule verbs assigned to sub-class b are able to have an object. We have already seen that this object may not coincide with the grammatical object; in­ deed, the subject itself may be the object of the predi­ cated change (cf.

In this view, then, the flow of time can be expressed as a vector quantity, a uniform 1 The Columbia Encyclopedia, 3rd. , New York, 1963, p. 2139. The word 'entity' is a poor choice in this context and should not be confused with our use of the word. Predicational Bidimensionality velocity in one unchanging direction. 25 Every entity is con- tinuously moving with the same TEMPORAL VELOCITY. Hence every predication is dynamic, to the extent that it attri­ butes existence and thus temporal velocity to the subject entity and whatever characterizes that entity.

Figure 3 To abandon for the time being our nautical analogies, we have now established three basic types of predications based on the ratio of actional velocity to temporal velocity (a constant): PUNCTUAL: actional velocity approaches infinity; every action is complete; temporal displacement approaches (but never reaches) zero. PROCESSIVE : actional plus temporal velocities produce an action which is the resultant of two significant dis­ placement vectors. 32 Anatomy of the Verb STATAL: actional velocity is at or very near zero; only temporal displacement is involved and therefore no action is predicated.

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