By Albert L. Lloyd
The continued debate over the life or non-existence of formal verbal element in Gothic prompted the writer to jot down this monograph whose objective is to supply a totally new origin for a idea of element and comparable good points. Gothic, with its restricted corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and displaying fascinating parallels with Slavic verbal structures, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partly I the writer argues unified conception of point, actional forms, and verbal speed awarded there possesses an inner common sense and isn't at variance with saw proof in numerous Indo-European languages. partly II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb process which seeks to give an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic point and actional varieties which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.
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From these examples it might be inferred that the dif ference between sub-types b and is transitivity; obvious ly, if there is no object to focus on, the pulses can hard ly be focused (aligned). So long as we define 'object' as an entity affected by a predicated change, it is correct to say that as a general rule verbs assigned to sub-class b are able to have an object. We have already seen that this object may not coincide with the grammatical object; in deed, the subject itself may be the object of the predi cated change (cf.
In this view, then, the flow of time can be expressed as a vector quantity, a uniform 1 The Columbia Encyclopedia, 3rd. , New York, 1963, p. 2139. The word 'entity' is a poor choice in this context and should not be confused with our use of the word. Predicational Bidimensionality velocity in one unchanging direction. 25 Every entity is con- tinuously moving with the same TEMPORAL VELOCITY. Hence every predication is dynamic, to the extent that it attri butes existence and thus temporal velocity to the subject entity and whatever characterizes that entity.
Figure 3 To abandon for the time being our nautical analogies, we have now established three basic types of predications based on the ratio of actional velocity to temporal velocity (a constant): PUNCTUAL: actional velocity approaches infinity; every action is complete; temporal displacement approaches (but never reaches) zero. PROCESSIVE : actional plus temporal velocities produce an action which is the resultant of two significant dis placement vectors. 32 Anatomy of the Verb STATAL: actional velocity is at or very near zero; only temporal displacement is involved and therefore no action is predicated.