New PDF release: An ounce of prevention, a pound of uncertainty: the

By Jonathan Caulkins

Within the warfare on medicines, little ones are at the entrance strains. is simply asserting no safety sufficient? The authors study the result of renowned tuition drug prevention courses to figure out how potent they're at lowering cocaine use and even if those courses are cash good spent, compared to drug-enforcement or drug-treatment courses.

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Additional info for An ounce of prevention, a pound of uncertainty: the cost-effectiveness of school-based drug prevention programs

Sample text

To achieve better results, either the allocation of funds across the different drug control strategies needs to be reexamined or even more money is needed in total. When public officials decide how to allocate funds across drug control strategies, they must take many things into account. Among these are moral values and preferences (does a user deserve punishment? ). An Analysis of Costs and Effectiveness Of the various factors that must be taken into account in deciding how to allocate public funds, we restrict ourselves in this book to issues of cost and effectiveness.

This factor accounts for only a small portion of the uncertainty. Page xxx Aggregate Effects and Other Benefits Cost-effectiveness estimates are important but not the only information required for allocating resources or formulating policy. For such purposes, the total or aggregate effects of a program must also be understood. What would be the costs and consequences of nationwide implementation of cutting-edge school-based drug prevention programs? It is easy to demonstrate that a full-scale national prevention program is affordable.

Overall Effectiveness (grams Per Participant) Multiplying all the preceding factors together gives an overall effectiveness estimate. 8 grams per participating adolescent. 2We did this thousands of times. The low estimate is the value lower than all but 5 percent of the results and the high is the value higher than all but 5 percent. Combining all the factors allows us also to say something about the avenues of prevention's effectiveness. Only about a quarter of the reduction in cocaine consumption is in the form of reduced initiation by program participantsa typical objective of prevention.

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