New PDF release: Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia

By David Levinson

An exam and comparability of the ways that assorted cultures exhibit and get to the bottom of clash. appears to be like at a variety of sorts of aggression between participants and teams, together with relations violence, capital punishment, animal cruelty and rites of initiation, and on the resolutions tried.

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The Tiv of Nigeria make extensive use of elder's councils. Tiv society is divided into districts, kindreds, and families. Family matters are settled by the household heads. The kindred councils consist of the heads of each lineage in the kindred. These are men who are selected because they are the dominant individual in the group, because they are elderly (which means that they are closer to the ancestors), and because they are able public speakers. If this individual is not the oldest man in the lineage, he is then supported by the oldest man.

More recent analysis of the information suggests that Fore cannibalism—if it actually existed—did not cause the transmission of kuru. Rather, it was likely transmitted to women and to children by women who handled the corpses and brains (which were extracted for ritual use) of persons who died from kuru. See also HUMAN SACRIFICE; HEAD-HUNTING. Arens, W. (1979) The Man-Eating Myth: Anthropology and Anthropophagy. Brown, Paula, and Donald Tuzin, eds. (1983) The Ethnography of Cannibalism. Harner, Michael.

The skill of the matador s performance is judged by the crowd as indicated by the level of applause and cheering; he is rewarded with one ear of the bull, both ears, or both ears and the tail. The aggressiveness of the bull and the matador s skill, bravery, and grace all enter into Animal offerings, such as this Koryak dog sacrifice, are a key element of religion in some cultures, but would be categorized as cruelty in others. 41 CRUELTY TO ANIMALS the crowd's assessment of his performance. From a cultural perspective, bullfighting is a complex spectacle that is related to economic, political, religious, and social factors in the cultures where it is found.

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