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By Aeschines

This can be the 1st remark in any language on Aeschines' opposed to Timarchos, the prosecution speech within the politically an important trial of 346/5BC. The case used to be that Timarchos used to be forbidden to carry public workplace and disenfranchised simply because he had engaged in wrong gay relationships some time past and had wasted his inheritance on debauchery. The speech is our most vital resource for Athenian criminal sanctions and ethical attitudes pertaining to same-sex relatives, and has been the point of interest of excessive contemporary debates at the nature of Greek sexualities and at the dating among intercourse, politics, and cultural existence. It illuminates Athenian politics on the time whilst Athens confronted the problem to her independence from Philip of Macedon. it's a rhetorical masterpiece of misrepresentation, which persuaded the jury to convict Timarchos even though Aeschines had nearly no facts of his misdeeds. This booklet presents a brand new translation, a whole creation, and a remark, all obtainable to these with no wisdom of Greek. The creation explores the most problems with the case, together with Aeschines' profession, Athenian legislation and attitudes with regards to gay kin, and the explanations for Aeschines' luck: it's endorsed that the decision displays a similar ethical and cultural unease in Athens which was once presently to provide the makes an attempt at political, social, and cultural renewal linked to the age of Lycurgus. The absolutely documented statement can pay realization to the rhetorical technique of the speech, explores vital points of the language used, particularly when it comes to the ethical denunciation of Timarchos' sexual and different malpractices, and explains all references to historic occasions and other people.

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1303); LGPN 1, given their different origins as well as opposing political lines. 52 Cf. on the significant spread of dramatic performances across the Greek world, 53 Taplin (1993; 1999). On this campaign, also on 113 below. Fisher chapters 21/3/2001 4:29 pm Page 17  17 victory back home, for which he received another crown (2. 54 He is likely to have formed contacts which would last with the leading general of the campaign, Phokion, and at the same, perhaps through him, with Euboulos.

It appears from our speech (94 and 117–19) that Demosthenes was at least master-minding the defence strategy and supplying arguments for Timarchos (and allegedly revealing some of them in advance to people in the agora). Many arguments against Demosthenes later in the speech, and especially 173–6, seem to imply further that he was confidently expected to make a strong appearance speaking for Timarchos as a fellow-advocate (synegoros). Aeschines takes great trouble to warn the jury against being 75 Cf.

56 Cf. Cawkwell (1960); E. M. Harris (1995: 50–1 and 156–7). 57 LGPN 41; PA 14494. 58 LGPN 121; PA 14625. 59 Cf. Davies (1981: 133–50); Rhodes (1982: 13); Gabrielsen (1994: 70–1). 60 On the identities and nicknames of the brothers-in-law, E. M. Harris (1986). Fisher chapters 21/3/2001 18 , 4:29 pm Page 18 AGAINST TIMARCHOS 61 Philon, Demosthenes calls ‘the disgusting Nikias, who hired himself out to Egypt with Chabrias’, indicating by this soubriquet that as a soldier and commander he was no match for the famous fifth-century general; whereas Aeschines defends him as an excellent and solid hoplite soldier (as opposed to an effeminate kinaidos like Demosthenes, see section 7, and on 131).

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