New PDF release: A Grammar of Modern Telugu

By B. Krishnamurti, J. P. L. Gwynn

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She also uses the masculine gender when she refers to the events that took place before the sex reassignment surgery in order to highlight her body difference before and after the surgery. French male homosexuals usually refer to themselves or their friends and lovers via the feminine gender, and in this way they build an identity outside the norm of compulsory heterosexuality (Pastre 1997 cited in Livia 2001, 186). However, female homosexuals use the masculine gender less often to refer to their lovers.

G. g. vino ‘wine’) (Corbett 1991, 36). In other languages, gender assignment in nouns denoting inanimate referents may follow phonological principles. For example, in Katcha, a Kordofanian language, nouns beginning with m- are feminine, unless they have a male referent (Heine 1982, 200 cited in Aikhenvald 2000, 25). Mixed principles of gender assignment can also be found in some languages. ; 1991 cited in Aikhenvald 2000, 26). More specifically, nouns denoting male humans belong to class I, nouns denoting female humans belong to class ii, nouns denoting animals belong to class iii, and nouns denoting culturally important plants belong to class iv.

G. g. Mercedes, Honda, Rover) but motorcycles are feminine (Harley Davidson, Kawasaki, Suzuki). Semantic motivation is also found in the case of nouns ending in -mut. g. Mut ‘courage’, Hochmut ‘arrogance’, Unmut ‘displeasure, resentment’) are associated with the semantic characteristic of extroversion, that is, they denote types of conduct directed towards controlling the outside world. In contrast, feminine nouns ending in -mut (Wehmut ‘nostalgia’, Schwermut ‘melancholy’, Demut ‘humility’) are associated with the semantic characteristic of introversion, that is, they denote types of conduct that place the self under outside control.

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