By G. Tucker Childs
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Utilizing theoretical thoughts of self, point of view, and voice as an interpretive consultant, and in keeping with where of Negotiation conception, this quantity explores the phenomenon of linguistic creativity in eastern discourse, i. e. , using language in particular methods for foregrounding custom-made expressive meanings.
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Sa 'Thursday' (see (55) for a full display of the days of the week). One other alternation deserves mention, that between the voiced alveolar stop /d/ and the alveolar lateral /11. These are two well-established phonemes in the language, yet there are alternations such as those in ( 17). In the first two cases both forms were regarded as acceptable (free variants). 2. The vowels ofMani (17) sMiyt I stliyt i-dwt I lilt 1i I di ilil I idil ltli I deli 31 'mosque' ('place of prayer'(< Arabic sa/at 'prayer') 'enter' (cf.
T:;,k 'stwnp' vs. t5k 'tree' d5kal 'cultivate' vs. d5k6l 'bind' /~/ vs. /a/: t~k 'stwnp' vs. tak 'split' coo 'two' vs. can 'tooth' lui vs. /o/: bid 'one' vs. b6l 'head' pul 'ashes' vs. pol 'light' /o/vs. /"/: ko 'to' vs. k~ 'go' t6n 'few' vs. t5n 'bathe' /"/ vs. /a/: c6l 'night' vs. cal 'sit' t6n 'bathe' vs. tan 'rise' Generally speaking, the two highest vowels, front and back, are likely to be confused with each other because of their proximity in the acoustico-perceptual space. 11 Both (/e/ and /o/) are closer than their cardinal counterparts and were often confused with /if and lui.
Thus, our estimate of the language's vitality (Grenoble and Whaley 1998) has been seriously upgraded. 8. Typological overview The segmental inventory of Mani (30 phonemes, 23 es + 8 V s) is near the median size of phoneme inventories (Maddieson 1984), and is much like other languages in the area with a phonemic labialvelar stop and a number of prenasalized stops forming part of its inventory. With regard to vowels Mani has a symmetrical eight-vowel system: six vowels are evenly placed in matching front-back pairs about the periphery with only a low central vowel (represented as /a/) and a higher central vowel (/~/) without a match.