By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20th century witness remarkable prepared genocide? will we study why genocide is perpetrated via evaluating diversified instances of genocide? Is the Holocaust exact, or does it percentage reasons and lines with different instances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union below Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia lower than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on ancient resources in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and exhibits how and why it turned so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and lines its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable international: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all of the situations, a powerful kingdom pursuing utopia promoted a specific mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of severe difficulty, those states precise yes nationwide and racial teams, believing that merely the annihilation of those "enemies" may allow the dominant team to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to affix within the frequently ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This ebook bargains one of the most soaking up money owed ever written of the inhabitants purges eternally linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A debatable and richly textured comparability of those 4 smooth situations, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Extra info for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
69 These were histories of conquest and of freedom, of liberties enshrined in Germanic judicial practices and land tenure of old, of freeborn Englishmen, of valiant peasants. The lead actors in the script varied with the location of the scriptwriter: they were Saxons or Franks, Celts or Lombards. Invariably, they represented freedom and greatness; they were “organic,” attached to the soil rather than to the mechanistic, degenerate city. Giving ﬂesh and bones to Herder’s theories, the authors identiﬁed original languages as the true expression of the Volk—literally a “people,” but often written or spoken with mystical connotations.
42 If slavery, by the eighteenth century, had made an essentially homogenous “black” race out of Africans of highly diverse ethnicities, it had also turned Europeans and Indians into races, since any individual categorization has to be part of a relational system. In close connection with the creation of racial slavery, Europeans after 1500 strove to make sense of a world they now knew was much larger and much more variegated than they had ever imagined, and of a Christendom shattered by the Reformation into many competing groups.
The coloration of the nation and nationalism was socialist, liberal, or conservative, depending on time and place. The nation found concrete manifestation in the establishment of an independent Greece in the 1820s; in the carving out, later in the century, of other autonomous states in the Balkans, like Bulgaria and Serbia, that were formerly under Ottoman control; and in the creation of Italy and Germany in the 1860s and 1870s. In opposition to Mazzini’s profound faith in popular action, many of these states were founded by modernizing elites whose political and social views were profoundly conservative, or by some combination of popular participation and elite direction.