By Charles Herrick
Even if you are a newly clinically determined sufferer, a chum or relative, this booklet deals aid. the one quantity on hand to supply either the doctor's and patient's perspectives, a hundred Questions & solutions approximately Alcoholism promises authoritative, functional solutions on your questions about therapies, suggestion on dealing with the affliction, resources of aid, and masses extra. Written by means of a well known psychiatrist, with genuine sufferer observation, this e-book is a useful source for an individual dealing with the scientific, mental, and emotional turmoil of alcoholism.
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Extra info for 100 Q&A About Alcoholism & Drug Addiction (100 Questions & Answers about)
Insurance coverage provides for this “disease,” so it must be one! 9. What makes alcohol addictive? Several theories exist about why alcohol is addictive. These can be divided into three broad categories: biological, psychological, and social. The biological category consists of both proximate and ultimate causes. Proximate cause refers to the immediate physiological processes involved in how particular substances are more addictive than others. Less proximate causes include the genetic susceptibility toward being more prone to developing addiction.
Qxd 12/4/06 10:22 AM Page 30 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT ALCOHOLISM later rewards. This is true across all ages and all types of rewards. For example, a well-known study has consistently demonstrated that most young children will choose the immediate reward of a few M&Ms rather than wait a prescribed amount of time for a bag of M&Ms. Likewise, the immediacy of the reward from the use of alcohol overwhelms any delayed gratification that abstinence may bring. Over time, with the development of tolerance, an ever-increasing amount of alcohol must be consumed in order to obtain the desired effect, and the immediate discomfort of withdrawal from alcohol further reinforces its use as a way of avoiding the punishing feelings from nonuse.
Many people who are alcoholic remit spontaneously. They decide one day to stop, and that is the end of it. qxd 11/29/06 9:46 AM Page 51 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT ALCOHOLISM To understand the validity and reliability of screening tools, you must understand that they are measured and compared in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity refers to the ability to identify correctly those individuals who are true alcoholics in a population. Specificity refers to the ability to correctly identify those individuals who are clearly not alcoholics.